The USB (Universal Serial Bus) 3.0 standard is the second revision of USB standard, developed for computer communication. Building on USB 2.0 standard, it provides a higher bandwidth and up to 4.5 W of power.
Speed. While USB 2.0 goes up to 60 MB/s, USB 3.0 speed can reach 400 MB/s, similar to the Camera Link standard used in medium configuration.
Costs. USB cameras are usually low cost; also, no frame grabber is required. For this reason, USB is the cheaper camera bus in the market.
Cables. Passive USB 3.0 cable has a maximum length of about 7 meters, and active USB 3.0 cable can reach up to 50 m with repeaters.
Power over cable. USB 3.0 offers power up to 4.5 W that allows to get rid of a separate power cable.
CPU usage. USB 3.0 Vision permits image transfer directly into PC memory, without CPU usage.